Tue, Dec

Nuclear Issue Nuclear arms control in South Asia (Part 3 of 3)

Current Affairs

Pakistan has initiated a series of regional security proposals. It has repeatedly proposed a nuclear free zone in South Asia and has proclaimed Its willingness to engage in nuclear disarmament and to sign the Non-Proliferation Treaty if India would do so. It has endorsed a United States proposal for a regional five power conference to consider non-proliferation in South Asia.

Part - 3

India has taken the view that solutions to regional security issues should be found at the international rather than the regional level, since Its chief concern is with China. It therefore rejects Pakistan's proposals. The United States for some years, especially under the Clinton administration (m 1990s), pursued a variety of initiatives to persuade India and Pakistan to abandon their nuclear weapons programs and to accept comprehensive international safeguards on all their nuclear activities. To this end; the Clinton administration proposed a conference of the five nuclear-weapon states, Japan. Germany, India and Pakistan.

India refused this and similar previous proposals, and countered with demands that other potential weapons states, such as Iran and North Korea, should be invited and that regional limitations would only be acceptable if they were accepted equally by China. As United States did not accept the participation of Iran and North Korea so these initiatives lapsed.

Part 4 Mr. Obama's Nuclear policy (Nuclear posture review-APR 2010)

President Obama has spoken about his vision of a world without nuclear weapons. It is lofty goal that will not be achieved during his presidency years after that. But in a very dangerous time, he has taken important steps to make the world safer and bolster this country’s credibility as it tries to continue the nuclear ambitions of Iran, North Korea and others.

Obama has revived arms control negotiations between United States and Russia who still have a combined total of more than 20,000 nuclear weapons, He and President Medvedev of Russia will sign a new agreement (the first, since 2002) this year (New SALT) that will reduce the number of strategy warheads each has deployed from 2,200 to 1,550.

The new policy says, the "fundamental role" of nuclear weapons is to deter nuclear attack on the United States and its allies, and it rules out the use of nuclear weapons against nonnuclear countries, even if they attack the United States with unconventional weapons. He has made the prevention of nuclear terrorism and proliferation a central strategic priority. And the administration has rightly decided to lead by example. We were especially encouraged to see the review’s statement that the country "will not develop new nuclear warheads."

"The greatest threat to U.S. and global security is no longer a nuclear exchange between nations, but nuclear terrorism by violent extremists and nuclear proliferation to an increasing number of states. “Obama said in a statement for the first time preventing nuclear proliferation and nuclear terrorism is now at the top of America’s nuclear agenda.”

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