News is a report of recent or current event or information published in newspaper or other periodicals.
"News may be defined as any accurate fact or idea that will interest a large number of readers."
Carl Warren says that the word NEWS is not composed from its initials of compass points i-e north ears,
West and south. It is simply the plural of English word new. Lord North says that if a dog bites man it is not news but if reverse happens than it is news.
Elements / Values of News Or Determinants Of News
Proximity means nearness is space. The news which is closer to reader or receiver is more valuable than that whose origins is father. E.g for people living Newyork will value news from Newyork more than any other city.
It means nearness in time. An event occurring latest is more valued than any other previous news. People are more interested in updates.
Magnitude means that how many people are affected from an event. The greater magnitude means highly valued as it effects higher number of people E.g Earthquake, Assassination of Celebrity or Famous Politicians.
It debates on importance of the event which becomes news. It focuses on the consequences of a happening e.g great medical discovery, national decisions (operations) etc.
Newspaper owner decides anout the policy of news. He decides that what types of news will be published in that newspaper. Therefore the policy effects in determining news. E.g pro labor or anti labor, Pro-government or anti-government.
In human life conflicts takes place and they become news. Election, Sports, Man s Man conflict news and stories are much important and are placed on front page.
Famous & Important Places
News about famous places are valued more e.g like London, Karachi, Tokyo,, Paris are important when determining a news.
Oddity ( The Quality Of Being Strange)
Oddity plays important role for news determining more oddity mean more value of news e.g Lord North says that if a dog bites a man it is not news but if a man bites a dog than it is the news.
Suspense is essential for news e.g what will be the result of conflict between government and opposition e.g condition after governor raj in Punjab in 2009.
News about important personalities like an celebrity is valued and his factor determines news.
sources Of News
Following are the source of news
- Press Notes.
- Social Media.
- Police Station.
- Press Release.
- News Agencies.
- Press Interviews.
- Press Conferences.
- Fire Brigade satation.