The war of 1812 is and important war between U.S. and the British and is also called the ‘second war of independence’. It was fought between the two nations over the conflicts arising from the continued British interference with American shipping due to their practice of impressments.
Abdullah N. Sheikh
The war of 1812 is and important war between U.S. and the British and is also called the ‘second war of independence’. It was fought between the two nations over the conflicts arising from the continued British interference with American shipping due to their practice of impressments. They were at war with France and they did not have enough sailors for their merchant ships. They would capture American sailors from the American ships. They wanted to impress them and bring into British service.
This made the Americans angry. The British also encouraged the Native American conflicts in the Northwest Territory, which U.S. did not appreciate. As a result, the war started between the two nations. They wanted to conclude the war, as it seemed that none of the two opponents could get what they wanted. U.S. sent their officials to draw a peace treaty and finally it was reached in Belgium. This treaty was ratified by the United States Senate by a vote of 35 to 0. It was called the treaty of Ghent.
The British presented hard terms as they did not fear a defeat, a "neutral" zone around the Great Lakes extending as far south as the Ohio River; removal of American fishing rights off Newfoundland; free British access to the Mississippi, and American demilitarization of the Great Lakes. The U.S. refused. Instead they wanted compensation for the impressments and for the captured ships.
As negotiations continued, news of the British losses at Lake Champlain, Lake Erie and Baltimore arrived, which totally changed the British behavior. As a result, this treaty was signed. It did not address any of the issues that U.S. had fought for. It said as both the nations lost lot of men, they should put an end to this war. It also asked both the nations to return to their relations as they were before the war. The news of the peace treaty reached quite late to America due to which the American forces attacked and won the battle of New Orleans.