Population Distribution In South Asia:
South Asia is the most important region in the world population growth rate picture as India, 2nd most populated country, Pakistan, 6th most populated country & Bangladesh, 7th most populated country lay in this region.
Eastern India, almost the entire Bangladesh, Southern Nepal and the densely populated country of Pakistan lie in plain region called the Indo Gigantic Plains or Northern Plains or North Indian River Plain.
This Plain area, having area of 7,00,000 sq-km, is a home of more than one Billion people which means having a population density of 145.8 persons/ sq-km. Some of the densely populated areas are Ludhiana, Amritsar, Lucknow, Allahabad, Patna, Kolkata, Faislabad, Multan, Hyderabad, Dhaka, and Karachi. The river basins in this area are hard work of three main rivers Indus, Brahmaputra and Ganges plains. The soil of this plain area is fit for irrigation and rich in ground water processes which makes it the most densely farmed areas. Its atmosphere is also humid / tropical which supports life. Main crops are grown rice, maize, wheet, sugar cane and cotton.
According to the report released by World Bank in 2011, the annual population growth rate in 2010 in South Asia was 1.46 %. Only Sri Lanka in this region has a growth rate less than the world’s average but its population is very low i.e. 20.54 million.
India has a share of 17.54 % in world’s population. One out of every six person in this world is an Indian. Pakistan, the sixth most populous country in the world has a growth rate of 2.04 % in 2010. Bangladesh contributes 2.35 % to world’s population. Nepal, Bhutan and Maldives make smaller contribution.
Employment to population ratio is the proportion of country’s population i.e. employed. In South Asia, according to World Bank, the employment to population ratio (15 + age) in 2008 was 56.56 %.
International Labor Organization says that South Asia has the highest volume of vulnerable employment among all regions i.e. 78.5 % of total employment in 2009.
Unemployment rate in Pakistan in 2010 was 5.1 %, India had an unemployment rate of 10.8 % and Bangladesh had a rate of 5.1 % in 2010.