Especially when the partners are blood relatives, the risk of a couple having a retarded baby is determined and genetic counseling is provided, adequate nutrition to the pregnant mother and ensuring that
Genetic Counseling & Adequate Nutrition:
Especially when the partners are blood relatives, the risk of a couple having a retarded baby is determined and genetic counseling is provided, adequate nutrition to the pregnant mother and ensuring that she abstains from drugs alcohol etc, cigarettes immunization of pregnant mothers against diseases monitoring and screening of fetal abnormalities nutrition's meals and vitamin supplements including folic acid.
Early Detection of Metabolic & Nutritional Conditions.
Infants need proteins for their rapid metabolism, growth and development. PKU ( phenyl ketanuria) is a metabolic disorders in which a child is prevented from metabolization of amina-acids phenylalanine builds up in the body to toxin levels degree of mental retardation can vary in downs syndrome depending on how soon the disability is identified and edictal care infants with galactosenia lack the enzyme needed to convert galactose to glucose, the galactose then accumulates in the blood and interferes with child’s mental development, eliminating lactose (milk sugar) and galactose from the diet can prevent mental retardation, reducing exposure to toxins lead mercury, pollution.
Early Physical & Psychological Testing:
Physical examination and mental tests by a doctor can identify mental retardation tendencies and take appropriate steps to avoid it becoming more severe and help the child develop his potentialities, parent’s own observation in a child for signs of mental retardation is also necessary.
Special Education Programs:
Mental retardation cannot be reversed but much can be done to sincerer the child’s potential.
Special education programs are developed to teach the children feeding, dressing, toilet training, language and communication skills as well as recreational opportunities are offered. As children grow older academic skills and livelihood training is also provided.