Military administrator from October 1999 to August 2007, Chief Executive from 1999 to 2001 and President of Islamic Republic Of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008. Tenth President of...
Military administrator from October 1999 to August 2007, Chief Executive from 1999 to 2001 and President of Islamic Republic Of Pakistan from 2001 to 2008. Tenth President of Pakistan, Pervez Musharraf was born 11th August 1943, in Delhi. During the partition his family left for Pakistan and there his father Syed worked for the Government of Pakistan, in the Foreign Ministry. In 1949 when his father was posted as a diplomat in Turkey, the whole family was shifted over to Ankara, where he lived up till 1956.
After his return to Pakistan in 1957, he studied at Saint Patrick’s School located in Karachi and then later on went to Forman Christian College located in Lahore. In 1961, he entered Pakistan Military Academy and then joined Pakistan Army in 1964, which placed him in the artillery regiment.
Pervez Musharraf’s experienced his first battle during 1965 with India during heavy fighting in Khemkaran sector during the second Kashmir war. During this time he also participated in the Lahore and Sialkot zone. During this war he earned a reputation of not leaving his post even during heavy shelling. And this act of bravery earned him the medal “Imtiazi Sanad”. When the 1965 war was over, he joined the Special Service Group aka SSG in which he served from 1966 to 1972 and during this time he was promoted to Captain and then to Major rank. During the Indo-Pakistani War of 1971 Pervez Musharraf led an infantry division, a strike corps and was also a company commander of a commando battalion.
After the war he was promoted as a Colonel in 1974 and in 1978 promoted to the rank of Lieutenant Colonel, though he played no major role during the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan during 1978-89, he became a brigade commander of a newly formed division of the Special Service Group near the Siachen Glacier, which he used to assault Bilafond La which in turn was a failed assault. After this he went to the Royal Collage of Defense Studies in Britain in 1990. During 1991 he was promoted to the rank of Major General and proposed the Kargil assault to the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Benazir Bhutto, but she objected to it and was not implemented until later.
Chief Of Staff:
October 1998, General Jehangir Karamat was forced to resign by the then Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif. To replace General Jehangir Karamt, Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif promoted Pervez Musharaf to the post of Chief of Staff.
The Kargil Conflict:
After the failures at the Siachen conflict, the Pakistan Army proposed the Kargil plan. The concept behind this plan was that, the empty post of the Indian Army would be occupied by the Pakistan Army and in return for withdrawal from Kargil, Pakistan would demand back its lost territory of Siachen. But this plan back fired as it lacked political will right from the beginning. When Pervez Musharraf ordered the infiltration of the Kargil district, India retaliated with a lot of aggression and during most of the battle, Pakistan had an upper hand, but due to international pressure, the then Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif, completely withdrew his support from this offensive. Such an act made the Pakistan Army to back out from this battle without any gain. In return, this spiked tensions between the government and the military brass giving way to a military coup.
Due to the recent backing out of the civilian government from the Kargil conflict, the top military brass was now planning for a possibility of a coup. Pervez Musharraf went on a trip to Sri Lanka, but things were not in good shape and news of his sacking made him return back to Pakistan as soon as possible. On 12th October 1999, seeing their Chief in trouble the Pakistan Army responded by mobilizing troops towards Islamabad.
By then, Nawaz Sharif had formally removed Pervez Musharraf from his post and appointed the then Director of Inter State Intelligence (ISI) Director Khwaja Ziauddin as the Chief of Staff. The military refused Director Khwaja Ziauddin as its new chief and placed Nawaz Sharif under house arrest. In a last attempt to prevent Pervez Musharraf from metting with his loyal army, Nawaz Sharif ordered Karachi Air Traffic, not to allow the plane in which Pervez Musharraf was travelling, to land on Karachi Airport, but instead have it redirected towards Nawabshah,
where Nawaz Sharif’s personal security would take care of Pervez Musharraf. But this plan failed as by then the military had taken over the Karachi Airport and Pervez Musharraf’s plan had landed on Karachi Airport. This coup was not met by any sort of resistance from the people of Pakistan as most of the people were sick and tired from the then incompetent government. Due to these facts this was a bloodless military coup.