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Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah


The founder of Pakistan and The Father of the Nation, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah dedicated his 42 Years Of Life and everything else for the making of Pakistan. Indeed....

The founder of Pakistan and The Father of the Nation, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah dedicated his 42 Years Of Life and everything else for the making of Pakistan. Indeed, several were the roles he had played with distinction at one time or another, He was one of the greatest legal luminaries India had produced during the first half of the century. He also serve his duties as an ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity, and was great constitutionalists of his time, a distinguished parliamentarian, and a master mind politician. An indefatigable freedom fighter, Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah was a dynamic Muslim leader, a well known policy make and a political strategist. Above all Quaid-i-Azam was one of the great nation-builders of modern times. He also became a key leader in the All India Home Rule League. He proposed a fourteen-point constitutional reform plan to safeguard the political rights of Muslims in a self-governing India.

What makes him so remarkable is the fact that while similar other leaders assumed the leadership of traditionally well-defined nations and led them to freedom, he created a nation out of an inchoate and down-trodden minority and established a cultural and national home for it. And all that within a decade.

Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from 1913 until Pakistan's independence on August 14, 1947 and Pakistan's first Governor-General from August 15, 1947 until his death. Quaid-i-Azam guided their affairs for over thirty years, and for over thirty years he had fought, he had given expression,coherence and direction to their legitimate aspirations and cherished dreams. He had striven all the while to get them conceded by both the ruling British and the numerous Hindus the dominant segment of India's population.

Early life:

Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was born Mahomedali Quaid-i-Azam in Wazir Mansion, at Karachi District of lower Sindh. In Those Days Sindh had been captured by the British Government and was subsequently joined the other captured territories to get a clean way to form the Bombay Presidency of British India.

Quaid-i-Azam was born on October 20 1875, this date of birth is taken from his earliest school records.The author of Quaid-i-Azam's first biography Sarojini Naidu, mentioned the date as "December 25, 1876" and passed away on 11th September, 1948 at the age of 71. When Quaid-i-Azam was just 25 years old, he was a wealthy Gujarati merchant who came to Sindh from Kathiawar, just before Quaid-i-Azam's birth, Quaid-i-Azam's Fathers were Hindu Rajputs. His grandfather had embraced Islam as he was a Hindu Rajput.

Quaid-i-Azam was the first of his 3 brothers Ahmad Ali, Bunde Ali, and Rahmat Ali, and 3 sisters Maryam, Fatima and Shireen. At the time of birth their language was Gujarati as their mother was Gujarati but by the time they also came to speak Kutchi, Sindhi and English. Sindh Madrassat-ul-Islam and the Christian Mission School was the first educational institutes of Quaid-i-Azam. He passed the matriculation examination of the University of Bombay at the age of sixteen. In 1892, Quaid-e-Azam was offered an apprenticeship at the London office of Graham's Shipping and Trading Company. A business that had extensive dealings with Quaid-i-Azam bhai Poonja's firm in Karachi. Before he left for England, his mother forced him to get married to his cousin Emibai, who was two years his junior and died a few months later. During his sojourn in England, his mother too would passed away.

Quaid-i-Azam joined the Lincoln's Inn in 1893 to become the youngest Indian to be called to the Bar. Three years later he got start in the legal occupation with nothing to fall back upon besides his native ability and determination. Young Quaid-i-Azam rose to be famous and became Bombay's most successful lawyer, as few did, within a few years.

Once he was firmly set in the legal profession, Quaid-i-Azam formally entered politics in 1905 from the platform of the Indian National Congress. He went to England in that year along with Gopal Krishna Gokhale (1866-1915), as a member of a Congress delegation to plead the cause of Indian self-government during the British elections. A year later, he served as Secretary to Dadabhai Noaroji (1825-1917), the then Indian National Congress President, which was considered a great honor for a budding politician. By now, Quaid-i-Azam had developed largely constitutionalists views on Indian self-government.

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