In china there is a game named Ti Jian Zi The first game in which shuttlecock was used. the name and game badminton evolved from that ancient game but the difference in Ti Jian Zi and badminton is that in Ti jain Zi players used to play,
In china there is a game named Ti Jian Zi The first game in which shuttlecock was used. the name and game badminton evolved from that ancient game but the difference in Ti Jian Zi and badminton is that in Ti jain Zi players used to play with their feet and to win they have to stop the shuttlecock from touching the ground. Badminton is named after when it was played in England in 1850s, in badminton House, If we trace this game to mid 80s we came to know that this game was created by British military offices stationed in India, being the game was played in Poona (now a days pune) at the British garrison so it also called Poona. This game was developed in England because the retired officers from Poona (India) used to play this game in England.
So in England the rules were also set out, Although badminton house Gloucestershire was owned by the duke of Beaufort and their this sort / game get his name badminton but it is unclear that when and why this name has confirmed in 1860, A booklet was published by he name of badminton battledore a new game the author of this book was isaac spralt but unfortunately o copy has survived after that the cornhull magazine describes badminton as "battledore ad shuttle cock played with sides across a string suspended some five feet from ground in 1863.
Although the first rules were drawn up in Poona in 1873. In 1875 after the veterans returning from India started a club in flowstone. and their the England players were following the rules that were made in India till 1887, Than in 1887 J.H.E hart drew made changes in the rules and make it applicable to English ideas the bath badminton club was the first place or club who played this game on standardize rules. the badminton association of England published the first set of rules in 1893.
On September 13th 1893 badminton was launched officially in a place called Dunbar at 6 Waverley grove Portsmouth England. the first completion of badminton was held in 1899, that was all England open badminton championship. the international badminton federation (IBF) now a days known as Badminton world federation (BWF) was established with France, Ireland, New Zeland, Canada, England, Denmark, Scotland an was as its founding member India joined as an affiliate in 1936. Now BWF governs international badminton and develop the game globally.
The racquets for badminton game must be 2.4 to 3.3 ounces (70-90 grams) with lighter weight many companies round the world making racquets for badminton with different style and different material, e.g carbon fiber (graphite reinforced plastic), solid steel, wood, etc here carbon fiber has a top quality with standard strength and weight ratio which produce excellent kinetic energy transfer. cheep racquets made of wood and low standard steel are still available in market because of cheep material and expensive price.
A shuttle cock is a high drag projectile with an open shape the cone shape is made of sixteen embedded feathers into a rounded cork base. where the cork is covered with this leather of synthetic material. To Test a shuttle cock use a full underhand stroke by which shuttlecock shall hit at an upward angle parallel to the side lines. the speed of standard shuttle cock should be more than 530 and less than 990mm short.
Here are some rules of badminton made by BWF statutes publications.
For badminton the court must be rectangular and divided into two equal portions by net courts are normally made for single player on each side or double players on each side. although according to the rules of BWF court has to be marked for single player only If there are double players on each side than the court must be wider than the single court but their length must be same.
For single player the width of badminton court must be5.18 meters which is about (17feet) where for doubles the width of court increases to the size of 6.1 meters (20 feet) the length of court for single players and double players must be the same size of 13.4 meters (44 feet). For dividing the width of the court the service courts are marked by a center line of 1.98 meters (6 feet 6 inches) from the net. and the outer side and boundaries in doubles are the service court is also marked by a long service line about 0.76 meters (2 feet 6 inches) and from back boundaries the net is 1.55 meters (5feet 1 inch) high at the edges and 1.524 meters (5 feet) high in the center. and the net post must be placed over the sidelines in single and double players game.
The BWF has not mentioned the height of the ceiling above the court so it can be played in door and out door. but they didn't recommend the badminton court where ceiling got hit on a high serve
In badminton game starts with the first serve by a coin toss. the server must has to clear the net and through the shuttle cock in the opposite service area. The opponent must hit the shuttle cock back before it hits the ground no game begins and will remain continue until the shuttle cock hit the ground on any one side of the court or the opponent force each other to hit the shuttlecock into the net or out of the court lines.
Scouring system has been changed by BWF in dec 2005. Before dec 2005 the players could only make a point by their on service. but after dec 2005 the rule changed and now player can get or make a point even if they did not serve for the particular point. winning rules are one player must be two points a head when he reaches to 21. but if both the players gain 29 points then the next point taker will be considered winner. badminton matches are decided on best of 3 games.
Badminton In Pakistan:
In 1953 Pakistan badminton federation founded. the first president of PBF was General nawab mamdot and the first secretary was mr. sultan F. hussain. PBF announced their first participation in 1954 Thomas cup when the beat sirilanka on 9-0 the players who represented Pakistan were irshad ahmad, menen sores, rustam arucha, shamshad ali, lateef gania, and saeed malik, legend PBF players were salah ud din, nazir rajput, massod khan, fazal haq S.naqvi mohsin and akram beg females title winners were ismat saeed, talat sultana, elisie hunt, ghazala wadood, and nighat sultana.
In 1973 when S.naqvi mohsin took the charge of secretary general of Pakistan badminton federation the golden period of badminton starts during his period in 1974 Asian games held in Tehran Iran, Pakistan made the best ever performance by defeating Japan and Korea by 3-0 and 3-1 and make their way to semi finals. however Japan and Korea were known as badminton giants.