A character in history with whom, no one would want to associate him/herself, because of the atrocities he had committed during the World War II.
Adolf Hitler had seen many ups and downs in his life and in the end this led to his disputed death. At one point he was considered as the savior of Germany and on the other point he was considered as the murderer of humanity. He was a decorated World War I soldier and after the World War I was appointed as a police spy of Reichswehr, so as to keep a check on all the political parties. Of all these parties the German Workers Party impressed him, as it opposed Jews, Capitalism and Marxism and thus he joined the ranks of the German Workers Party.
Hitler had excellent oratory skills and this impressed the then leader of the German Workers Party, Anton Drexler. This led to his membership into the German Workers Party on 12th September 1919 as the 55th member. Hitler saw the German Workers Party as a party which needed to be broadened to address the masses and thus it was renamed as the National Socialist German Workers Party. His speeches were very polemic in nature and he spoke greatly against the Treaty of Versailles, Jews and Marxism. He was an ambitious person and soon enough rose to the ranks of the party chairmanship and thus he was introduced as the Fuhrer for the first time.
On 8th November 1923 Hitler along with his supporters stormed a public bar where a meeting was held by Kahr and demanded that the government be dismantled and that he has taken over. The coup failed and led to his arrest on charges of high treason. On 1st April 1924 he was sentenced to five years of imprisonment, but by then he had gained popularity and people respected him and sent him fan mails. Though he was sentenced for five years, his sentence was pardoned by the court and he spent almost a year in prison.
At the time of his release, the situation in Germany had become favorable as the economy was good and the political situation was stable. This left him no opportunity to establish himself. To add more to his woes his party was banned from politics due to the coup it had staged earlier. Hitler convinced the then Prime Minister of Bavaria Heinrich Held to lift the ban and assured him that his (Hitler) party would not engage in any unfair means to achieve power. The ban was lifted from the party but Hitler was still banned from public speeches. To make up for this, Hitler appointed Gregor Strasser along with his younger brother Otto Strasser and Joseph Goebbels to confront the public. As their popularity grew the three of them started to make factions within the Nazi Party, but Hitler took care of the situation which led to Joseph Goebbels taking side with Hitler and assassination of Gregor Strasser.
The opportunity to rise to power came when Germany was hit by Great Depression of 1930. In 1932 when Hitler wanted to run for Presidency, he was facing one problem. The problem was that, though he had renounced his Austrian citizenship in 1925, he still did not have citizenship of Germany and this problem forbade him from holding public offices. Hitler faced deportation but was saved by the Nazi Interior Ministry of Brunswick, which appointed him as an administrator of state delegation to Reichsrat in Berlin. Along with this position Hitler was given citizenship of Brunswick which ultimately made him a German citizen and thus he became eligible to run for Presidency. Hitler was opposing Paul von Hindenburg who had the support from the nationalist, monarchs, republicans and Catholics. Hitler came second and this established Hitler as a better alternative for German Politics.
On 30th January 1933, Hitler took his oath as the Chancellor of Germany and this was the beginning of the Nazi era. On 2nd February 1933, the Reichstag was set on fire and Hitler benefited himself from this event by suppressing all the political parties and forming a coalition government with DNVP. On 19th August the Presidency and Chancellery were merged and this made Hitler the Supreme Commander of the armed forces. And with this done Hitler made the soldiers pledge their oath to him personally and not to the office. Thus the Third Reich was established. With the political situation under control, Hitler turned towards economy and during this time Germany saw rapid expansion in it industrial sector and in turn it brought advancement in the military.
The Nazi regime strongly encouraged the women to stay indoors and be good house wives. This led to all the jobs held only by males making Germany having 100% employment rate. Large scale infrastructure development took place like dams, railroads and other civil works. Hitler’s foreign policy was strongly based on ruthless expansion and Germination of Europe. On 15th September Hitler introduced two laws, the first law was to ban all marriages between the Aryans and the Jewish Germans and the second law was stripping all non-Aryans from German citizenship. Hitler wanted to create a power block that would secure his expansion. To do this he sent Anti-Comintern Pact to Britain, China, Italy and Poland. Only Italy accepted this invitation and later on this invitation was sent to Japan, but it was rejected on the bases that Germany should withdraw its support from China, to which Hitler did not agree.
Hitler wanted a clean society and thus called for racial hygiene of Germany. The first victims of racial hygiene were physically challenged children under the program called Action T4. This racial hygiene also consisted of eliminating Jews, Poles, Roma, Homosexuals, Communists, Resistance Groups, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Adventurism, Trade Unionists and Political opponents. The methods used for these exterminations were hanging, shooting, gas chambers, starvation, diseases, and medical experimentation. Between 1939 and 1945 the SS (Hitler's Private guards) had systematically exterminated 11 to 14 million which included 6 million Jews. Most of these exterminations took place in a camp called Auschwitz Concentration Camp. In history these exterminations are known as Holocaust. All these orders were carried out in discreet and Hitler never himself visited or surveyed these camps.
World War II:
In February 1938 Hitler came to terms with Japan and revoked all its support from China, thus starting an alliance with Japan. In March 1938 Hitler unified Austria and Germany and by April 1938, Hitler gave the green light for the invasion of Czechoslovakia. To this Britain and France disagreed and this led Hitler to rethink his strategy of ‘Expansion without Britain’ to ‘Expansion against Britain’. After many negotiations and threats, the then Prime Minister of Britain Neville Chamberlain on 30th September 1938 forced Hitler to sign a declaration of Anglo-German friendship. After this declaration Hitler felt cheated and saw Britain as an obstacle in its path to expansion in the East.
And this made Hitler to change his main rival the Soviet Union to Britain. Now his whole attention focused towards the destruction of Britain. On 1st September 1939, Germany invaded Poland with a non-aggression deal made with Soviet Union that half of Poland would be theirs. In retaliation Britain and France declared war on Germany on 3rd September 1939 but did not act immediately. Once Poland was crushed there was no stopping Hitler. He invaded Denmark and Norway in 1940 and by May 1940 France, Luxembourg, Netherlands and Belgium. Now Hitler was stronger than ever and he started to have his air force to commence the bombing run over Britain’s Royal Air Force and its radars. By October 1940 Hitler ordered to have cities like London, Plymouth and Coventry bombed too. In April 1941 Hitler invaded Yugoslavia and Greece. Thus the whole of the Europe fell to the mercy of Hitler and his army.
The fall of Hitler:
By June 1941 about three million German troops attacked the Soviet Union and by doing so broke the non-aggression pack. Achieving victory in the beginning, Hitler’s army failed in this campaign when it was near to Moscow and the main reason for its failure was the harsh Russian Winter. The Nazi army was almost 25Km away from Moscow when severe weather and harsh resistance from the Soviet’s had them driven back almost 320Km away from Moscow. Four days after the Pearl harbor attack, Hitler declared war on the United States of America and thus got involved on all fronts.
By this time Germany had lost the Battle of Stalingrad and was trapped on all sides and Hitler’s mental health was not in good condition. By 6th June 1944 the Allies had started their largest amphibious assault on Germany by landing their troops on the beaches of Normandy. This assault was called “Operation Overlord”. The last and closest assassination attempt on Hitler on 20 July had Hitler injured and he ordered savage retaliations. By 1944 the Red Army had driven the Nazi’s deep into central Europe and with the Allies pushing on the other side, Germany had lost the war.
Hitler took refuge in Fuhrer bunker and everyone there tried to convince him to flee before he got caught, but Hitler was determined to stay in Berlin and if the situation got worst, he would commit suicide. On 29th April 1945, Hitler married his long time mistress Eva Brown in the map room of the bunker, by the afternoon he got the news that Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini has been assassinated and this made him even more reluctant to be caught.
By 30th April 1945 Hitler along with his wife committed suicide. Hitler shot himself with his Walther PPK pistol in the right temple while Eva consumed cyanide. At this moment the Red Army was almost 500 meters away from the bunker. The dead bodies of Hitler and his wife were taken upstairs and were set on fire. 2nd May 1945, Berlin surrenders and the war in Europe came to an end.