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Why Washington Was Made The Capital of US

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After the American Revolution, the US needed a capital city. The selection of the site resulted from a compromise. Various cities and sections of the country wanted the honor of being the nation’s capital.

After the American Revolution, the US needed a capital city. The selection of the site resulted from a compromise. Various cities and sections of the country wanted the honor of being the nation’s capital.

It was finally decided to create a new city. The Congress passed a bill in 1790 giving permission for a site to be chosen. It was to be somewhere near the Potomac River and not over 10 square miles (25.9 square km). The land was to be called the District of Columbia, after Christopher Columbus; and the city to be built on it was to be named Washington, in honor of the country's first President.

In 179! George Washington chose the place where the city now stands. He thought it was a good location because the Potomac River was deep enough for ships to come as far as the city.The land was given to the federal government by the states of Virginia and Maryland. About 165 square km was given by Maryland and about 93 by Virginia. Later in 1846, the land given by Virginia was returned to the state at her request.

Washington chose a brilliant French engineer and architect, Major Pierre L'Enfant, to design the new city. The plan called for broad avenues, lined with trees, beautiful government buildings and monuments to honor the great men. By 1800, the President House was nearly completed. The capital was built on a hill, renamed Capital Hill, for the buildings in which the Congress was to meet. In 1800, President John Adams and other members of the government moved to the new federal city, Washington DC. And in this way, a new city was built and given the honor of being the America's capital.



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