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Sun, Aug

Hamid Gul | Army Career | ISI Director General

Spymasters
Typography

The Great Hamid Gul was born on (Friday 20th November 1936 and died on 15th August 2015) earned Awards Sitara-e-Basalat SBt, and Hilal-e-Imtiaz (Military)HI(M), Hamid Gul was a three-star general in the Pakistan Army,

He was one in millions thats why he was named as a spymaster and after retirement he was the famous defense analyst. He was known for his serving as the Director General ISI, the world's top agency and Pakistan's premier intelligence agency, from 1987 and 1989. During the Soviet war in Afghanistan Hamid Gul played an influential role in directing ISI support to Afghan resistance groups against Soviet forces, with the help of CIA. Among his possessions was a piece of the Berlin Wall, gifted to him by the Germans for "delivering the first blow" to the Soviet Union.

Gul was also known for expanding covert support to Kashmiri nationalist groups against India in the disputed Kashmir region from 1989, diverting focus from the aftermath of the Soviet war. Gul was credited as a "Godfather" of Pakistani geostrategic policies. Following an increase of the Taliban revolution in Afghanistan, and the Kashmir militancy in India. he was charged by the United States of having relations to suspicious groups. which was just a false propaganda against this great man, Gul denied the allegations. Benazir Bhutto appointed him as Director General of ISI, when she was the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Later, Hamid gul was a part of the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, a conservative political alliance, which was formed to oppose Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP).Bhutto's Party.

Early life

Hamid Gul was born on Friday the 20th November 1936 in Sargodha a city of Punjab province, in what was then the British Raj (now Pakistan). He was a brave son of Muhammad Khan. For his early education he went to school in his village. after school he got admission in Government College Lahore, and after his college education he get admission in Pakistan Military Academy Kakul. Gul's family belongs to the Yusufzai tribe and were Pathans of Punjab, who migrated from Swat to Sargodha in Punjab.

Army career

In October 1956 Hamid Gul was commissioned in the 18th PMA Long Course with the Pakistan Army in the 19th Lancers regiment of the Armoured Corps. In 1965 during the war with India he was a squadron commander. In 1968 he attended the Command and Staff College Quetta till 1969. From 1972 to 1976 Hamid Gul served right under General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq As a battalion commander, and then as Staff Colonel, at that time General Zia was GOC, 1st Armoured Division and Commander, II Corps at Multan.

Thus, Gul had already cemented his ties with General Zia by serving under him when both were officers in the Armoured regiments of the II Corps. In 1978 Hamid Gul was promoted to Brigadier and steadily rose to be the Martial Law Administrator of Bahawalpur and then in 1982, the Commander of the 1st Armoured Division, Multan, General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq himself expressly wished his appointments.

Hamid Gul was then appointed DG military Intelligence (DGMI) or Director-General at the GHQ, Then in March 1987, General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq nominated Gul to be the ISI chief succeeding General Akhtar Abdur Rahman. In May 1989 Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto replaced Hamid Gul as the ISI commander in chief, and was transferred to Multan as the commander, II Corps. In this position, Gul supervise the Zarb-e-Momin military exercise in 1989 November-December, since 1971 Indo-Pakistani War, It was the biggest Pakistani Armed Forces show of muscle. In August 1991, General Asif Nawaz transferred Gul as the DG Heavy Industries Taxila. An unskilled job compared to Gul's reputation, that's why Gul refused to take the assignment, an act for which he was retired from the army.

Politics

In 1988 as ISI chief, General Hamid Gul successfully assemble conventional politicians and assist them create (IJI) Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, a centre-right conservative alliance united against the left-leaning Pakistan Peoples Party. Gul later admitted his role in IJI's formation in various interviews for which he was harshly criticize by one of a newspaper article writter of a major Pakistani newspaper, in which the publisher asked the general to express regret to the PPP and after that, apologizing for a shortage of intelligence because the Islami Jamhoori Ittehad, could not prolong its two-thirds majority for too long.

In 1988 when Bhutto became Prime Minister, An Indian commentator Bahukutumbi Raman, accuses Hamid Gul for backing militants of Khalistan. Raman says, "Gul explained backing these insurgents as the only way of prevent a latest Indian threat to Pakistan's geographical morality. When he asked him to stop fooling people, Gul reportedly told him: with all due respect, keeping Punjab sabotage is equal to the Pakistan army Forces running an extra division totally free of cost for our taxpayers." "Hamid Gul strongly recommend supporting Kashmiri groups", Raman adds more, "but was against infiltrating Pakistani and Afghan mercenaries into Jammu and Kashmir." He thinks India will be controling Pakistan by doing so..

Afghanistan & Soviet War

In 1989 the Soviet war in Afghanistan was amid by ISI, when Hamid Gul was the head of ISI, Gul was said to have schedule and executed the operation to capture Jalalabad, from the Soviet-backed Afghan army. This shift to conventional warfare was seen as a blunder by few people, since the mujahideen did not have the capacity to apprehend a city with maximum people, and the turf war did not afford expected ground results. However, the Pakistani army wants Abdul Rasul Sayyaf as Prime Minister, and Gulbuddin Hekmatyar as Foreign Minister. to make a resistance-backed government in Afghanistan, with Jalalabad as their provisional capital,

Opposite to Pakistani predictions, this conflict proved that the Afghan army could fight without Soviet help, and very much expand the confidence of supporters of the government. Conversely, the enthusiasm of the mujahideen involved in the attack collapse, and many local commanders of Hekmatyar and Sayyaf end ceasefire with the government. An ISI officer, Brigadier Mohammad Yousef, "the jihad (meaning the plans for Hekmatyar to be installed as prime minister) never recovered from Jalalabad". Rumours has that as a result of this failure, Hamid Gul was terminated by Pakistani Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and Shamsur Rahman Kallu, was appointed as ISI cheif, he than chase a more classical policy of support to the rebels fighting in Afghanistan.

Soviet War Fallout

During the Soviet controlling Afghanistan, General Hamid Gul was the head of ISI he worked very closely with the US intelligence agency CIA. However, he became impassive with the US after CIA turned its back on Afghanistan following the Soviet withdrawal in 1989, as the United States had gave him there word and a promise that they will help to build a successful, strong, vigorous, profitable, lucrative, and peaceful Afghanistan. the Us have him a surprise by punishing Pakistan with military sanctions for its nuclear program and by economic sanctions He was further disconcerted. After that General Hamid Gul started to declare that "the Muslim countries must stand united to tackle the United States in its so-called War on Terrorism, which is in actually a war against Muslims. Let's destroy America wherever its infantry are trapped."

In 1993 Hamid Gul personally met Osama Bin Laden and after talking to him he refused to identify him as a terrorist unless and until certain, evidence was provided connecting, him to alleged acts of terrorism. right after the 11 September attacks in united states hamid gul belief that the attacks were "clearly an inside job". which was later came out as a truth, and the world know by many factors that it was in inside job to invade iraq, Afghanistan and libya to capture their natural resources.

Career After Retirement

Zahid Hussain, the arthur of a book Frontline Pakistan, he wrote in his book about Lt. Gen. Hamid Gul and former Army chief General Mirza Aslam Beg that on 9thJanuary 2001 Darul Uloom Haqqania Islamic conference held in Peshawar, and they were part of it, sources says they invited 300 leaders representing different Islamic groups. In that meeting they decided that it is a religious duty of Muslims all over the world to protect the Muslim world from terrorism especially the Islamic Emirate of Afghanistan, and Osama bin Laden the Saudi dissident who was hosting, whom they believe as a 'great Muslim warrior.' later in a live television interview He praise Pakistan for protecting and hiding Bin Laden for nine years.

Hamid Gul marched alongside activists On 12 March 2007, from the liberal democratic parties and retired former senior military officers against General Pervez Musharraf. when the police came to arrest General Hamid Gul faced down riot police. He was protesting against in a rally outside the Supreme Court in Islamabad for an attempts to dismiss Chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry. after a strong pressure parvaiz Musharraf restore chief Justice Iftikhar Muhammad Chaudhry but when a bench of chief justices allowed Musharraf to contest the elections in uniform, Hamid gul turned against the restored chief justice.

After the Karachi bombings in 2007, Benazir Bhutto wrote a letter to President Musharaf on 16 October 2007, in that letter she accused Hamid Gul, and Ijaz Shah, the current Intelligence Bureau (IB) Chief, and Chaudhry Pervaiz Elahi, the sitting chief minister of Punjab. and Arbab Ghulam Rahim, the chief minister of Sindh at that time. Benazir Bhutto suspected them for the attacks. Hamid Gul rejected these allegations. on 4th November He was arrested by the military police in Islamabad after the President Pervez Musharraf declared state of emergency.

Gul admitted his connection with Ummah Tameer-e-Nau. UN Secretary General, received a list of international terrorists from the united states for america in which the prompted Hamid Gul's name including 4 former ISI officers, but China refused.

A senior official in Pakistan's Foreign Ministry informed Hamid Gul in 2008 that he had been placed on a U.S. watch list of "global terrorists", alongside with several others. The officer shows him a U.S. document in which he was accused with several charges against him, the main allegations were that he had links to Taliban and Al-Qaeda. Gul responded furiously to these claims. In 2008 On December 14, Asif Ali Zardari was the President, In an interview with Newsweek he described Hamid Gul as a "political ideologue" of terror rather than a physical supporter. The Daily Telegraph, following the death of Osama bin Laden, Gul commented openly that US Marines killed Bin Laden in Afghanistan then his dead body was moved to Abbottabad to embarrass, humble, shame, and to disgrace, Pakistan.

On 15 August 2015 was a said day for the people of PAKISTAN as the great Hamid Gul suffered a hemorrhagic stroke in Murree. and died. reports said he had been suffering from headaches and high blood pressure for some time. His death was condoled by the whole country, Chief of Army Staff Raheel Sharif and other high officials. Gul is buried at the army cemetery in Westridge, Rawalpindi. Pakistan.